Consistent Hashing is a specific implementation of hashing that is well suited for many of today’s web-scale load balancing problems. Specifically, it can be seen in use in various caching solutions like Memcached and is applicable to NoSQL solutions as well. Consistent Hashing is used particularly because it provides a solution for the typical “hashcode mod n” method of distributing keys across a series of servers. It does this by allowing servers to be added or removed without significantly upsetting the distribution of keys, nor does it require that all keys be rehashed to accommodate the change in the number of servers.
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