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Wednesday
Sep082010

4 General Core Scalability Patterns

Jesper Söderlund put together an excellent list of four general scalability patterns and four subpatterns in his post Scalability patterns and an interesting story:

  • Load distribution - Spread the system load across multiple processing units
    • Load balancing / load sharing - Spreading the load across many components with equal properties for handling the request
    • Partitioning - Spreading the load across many components by routing an individual request to a component that owns that data specific
      • Vertical partitioning - Spreading the load across the functional boundaries of a problem space, separate functions being handled by different processing units
      • Horizontal partitioning - Spreading a single type of data element across many instances, according to some partitioning key, e.g. hashing the player id and doing a modulus operation, etc. Quite often referred to as sharding.
  • Queuing and batch - Achieve efficiencies of scale by processing batches of data, usually because the overhead of an operation is amortized across multiple request
  • Relaxing of data constraints - Many different techniques and trade-offs with regards to the immediacy of processing / storing / access to data fall in this strategy
  • Parallelization - Work on the same task in parallel on multiple processing units

For more details and explanations see the original post.

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Reader Comments (1)

Caching also plays a very major role in addressing scalability issues. I would like your views on that...

September 14, 2010 | Unregistered Commenterjayant

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